The village outwardly looked much calmer city. In the period of the world
The war in the territory of Oryol Province was not agrarian unrest.
Affected by the departure to the front of the most active part of the male population,
relatively good yields of the war years, suspension in the spring of 1915
Stolypin agrarian reform.
When describing the pre-revolutionary period, very serious attention
given to the strike movement. It is rightly considered an indicator.
degree of social crisis experienced by society, depth and breadth
development of the revolutionary consciousness of the masses that in the war
may have a decisive influence on the fate of the whole country. In this context
economic strikes seem “less valuable”, but they serve
indicator of the severity of the current economic situation.
All cases of workers’ performances that were in the Oryol province in the years
World War II, had an economic basis. Some of them were caused
lack of specific food products, others general
workers’ dissatisfaction with their financial situation. These cases
concentrated on the enterprises Maltsevskogo joint stock company
located in the Bryansk district. The main actors in such
the situation turned out to be workers and the administration of the joint stock company, from
action strategies which depended on the state of the working question.
GARF, f.102, OO, op. 277, d.341, p.54, l.3. Report of the assistant chief of the OGUU in Bryansk and Karachevsky
counties to the head of the OGU. 03.07. 1916
Everywhere in factories and factories of the joint stock company
practiced selling coupons from factory stores and rations shops
food and essential goods for workers
cheap prices44. Violation of this which was of great importance for
trade workers became the main cause of discontent
workers in the first period of the war. Lack or shortage of products in
factory shops forced them to demand a pay rise for
in order to be able to acquire everything you need on the market.
In the second half of 1914 among the workers of the Bryansk district
a hot-patriotic feeling prevailed, expressed not only on
in words, and not even in donations, 45 but in the awareness of the state
the importance of their work and a certain responsibility that imposes on
them this importance. Execution of orders was put at the forefront, disputes with
administration, the struggle to improve their situation, were postponed until
the end of the country’s extreme period, i.e. until the end of the war. Before
the end of 1914, there was not a single strike (the last time Bryansk
the factory was on strike July 12-14, 1914)
46. And subsequently, when living conditions
forced the Bryansk workers to look for ways to improve them, work on defense
continued to be considered of paramount importance and served for
working argument in asserting their demands. The workers believed
that it is in the interests of the state to meet them and create the most
favorable conditions for their work. Sending into the army was not perceived as
punitive measure, punishment for disobedience and violation of order. Call
It was a natural consequence of the termination of the delay in connection with
dismissal from the factory, and, like among other mass categories of the population,
considered an inevitable necessity.