After the strike, the number of workers at the plant decreased by 1/3, and
in the steel and molotovoy workshop, from the performance of which
the activity of the projectile and grenade workshops depended almost by half.
Personnel to replenish the composition of the workers was not. In view of this has been increased
working hours. From the three-shift operation workshops
went to work in two shifts. Combined with harsh working conditions it
adversely affected the health of workers and productivity.
Gradually revised upward all rates. However,
since the second half of 1916, due to a lack of materials, workers often
left without work100. From February 6, 1917, the Bryansk Plant at 3/4
stopped due to lack of coal. Shells production was completely
stopped. During the forced shutdown of the plant, wages are not
paid. The fact that the stop occurred before
Carnival, the last days of which traditionally were weekends, reduced
alarm workers. Yet they expressed surprise that the plant, completely
working for defense, left without coal. The workers blamed the administration, in
that it did not supply the plant with fuel, although the coal purchased in the south did not
reached due to the requisitions on the railroad101. Bryansk leader
the nobility sent a telegram about the situation at the plant in the highest name,
Chairman of the State Council and the State Duma, member
State Council from the Oryol province and the chairman of the military industrial complex A.I. Guchkovu.
100 Ibid, l.201.
In the same place, l.209. Telegram of the Bryansk district police officer. 23.05. 1916
In the same place, l.252. The message of the chief of OGUU to the governor. 15.07. 1916 101 GARF, f.102, OO, op.247, d.20, h. 54, l.1. Report of the Head of Food in the Empire in
Police Department. 10.02. 1917 102 GARF, f.102, D-4, op.246, d.48 h.8, l.9. Vedomosti on the mood of the population in February 1917.
In December 1916, the master of the Chernyatin glass factory (150
man) twice stopped work on Sundays, demanding to do
Sunday is a day off, but were forced to start work on
former conditions. In mid-January 1917, decided to strike
workers of the service of the 250 verst Polessky narrow-gauge railway,
owned by Maltsevskoy joint-stock company. January 13, train
brigades refused to conduct freight trains, and they stood idle for a long time on
stations. The center of the strike was located in the village of Ludinki, Kaluga province.
From there, workers arrived to present management with their demands.
The chief commander proposed to return to work and send for
negotiations of workers’ representatives, butthey refused to send those because of
fears of punitive measures. The maiequirement that they put forward,
there was an equation in rights and economic status with rail
employees, as well as improved workingconditions. The situation repeated 16
January, and the next day, after unsuccessful negotiations, the movement for
the railroad was discontinued. By evening, mutual understanding was found and
movement restored. Perere