In February, the work of a female worker of three penkreprepalny institutions was left
in Trubchevsk and workers of the local oil mill. They all demanded
wage increases, but their not achieved. The “instigators” were
brought to administrative responsibility67. Spring 1916
accompanied by the revival of the economic movement of workers, which arose in
different areas of the province. On March 7, 16 day laborers stopped work in Bolkhov
tobacco factory, demanding higher wages. By evening they reached
agreement with the owner to increase payment by 10 kopecks per day68. In April
a strike at the Yelets tobacco factory was held69. After the celebration of Easter
Karachev’s penkreprepalschiki demanded that the owners of the plants raise
salary of 70 kopecks a day, which they were denied. April 18-19 they are
went on strike and then returned to work in general order70. At the end of April
there was a short-term economic strike at the Bryansk arsenal71.
The largest center of the labor movement in 1916 remained
Bryansk plant. Events at this huge diversified enterprise
66 Ibid., L. 20-21, 45ob. Information about the mood of the population in the Bolkhov district in January 1916. 67 Ibid., L. 68. Information about the mood of the population in Trubchevsk district for February 1916. 68 Ibid., L.41. Report of the Bolkhovsky district police officer. 69 Ibid., L.188. Information about themood of the population in Yeletsky district for April 1916. 70 Ibid., L.151-152. Information about the mood of the population in Karachevsky county in April 1916
were one of the most significant cases of strike activity in
Russia during the war. For two months, the work of the Bryansk plant
was suspended. The eventful strike falls into two parts:
from March 21 to 30 and from April 25 to May 23.
It should be noted that the police were timely informed.
about a plant strike coming up. Having received such information, the bailiff
Bryansk plant took control of its territory by the policeman72. After
one after another, police officers left the work shop, and on March 24
the plant stopped 73.
Among the main reasons for the strike, the governor called
news reports about the strike at the Putilov factory, in which
the rise in prices was mentioned, and the fact of sending was ignored.
to the front of the guilty74. The appearance of impunity added to the workers
determination and perseverance, so even a show of strength
produced by the police did not shake their intentions to seek from
administration reviewing rates. Worker demands
were economic in nature and boiled down to higher wages
in proportion to earnings, improved terms of employment and food