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Close-up picture of hands writing in the business dairy.

In February, the work of a female worker of three penkreprepalny institutions was left

in Trubchevsk and workers of the local oil mill. They all demanded

wage increases, but their not achieved. The “instigators” were

brought to administrative responsibility67. Spring 1916

accompanied by the revival of the economic movement of workers, which arose in

different areas of the province. On March 7, 16 day laborers stopped work in Bolkhov

tobacco factory, demanding higher wages. By evening they reached

agreement with the owner to increase payment by 10 kopecks per day68. In April

a strike at the Yelets tobacco factory was held69. After the celebration of Easter

Karachev’s penkreprepalschiki demanded that the owners of the plants raise

salary of 70 kopecks a day, which they were denied. April 18-19 they are

went on strike and then returned to work in general order70. At the end of April

there was a short-term economic strike at the Bryansk arsenal71.

The largest center of the labor movement in 1916 remained

Bryansk plant. Events at this huge diversified enterprise

66 Ibid., L. 20-21, 45ob. Information about the mood of the population in the Bolkhov district in January 1916. 67 Ibid., L. 68. Information about the mood of the population in Trubchevsk district for February 1916. 68 Ibid., L.41. Report of the Bolkhovsky district police officer. 69 Ibid., L.188. Information about themood of the population in Yeletsky district for April 1916. 70 Ibid., L.151-152. Information about the mood of the population in Karachevsky county in April 1916


were one of the most significant cases of strike activity in

Russia during the war. For two months, the work of the Bryansk plant

was suspended. The eventful strike falls into two parts:

from March 21 to 30 and from April 25 to May 23.

It should be noted that the police were timely informed.

about a plant strike coming up. Having received such information, the bailiff

Bryansk plant took control of its territory by the policeman72. After

one after another, police officers left the work shop, and on March 24

the plant stopped 73.

Among the main reasons for the strike, the governor called

news reports about the strike at the Putilov factory, in which

the rise in prices was mentioned, and the fact of sending was ignored.

to the front of the guilty74. The appearance of impunity added to the workers

determination and perseverance, so even a show of strength

produced by the police did not shake their intentions to seek from

administration reviewing rates. Worker demands

were economic in nature and boiled down to higher wages

in proportion to earnings, improved terms of employment and food